Colombia Antioquia Fredonia
Updated: Jul 11, 2019
Known to be one of the best in the world, let's take a quick journey and explore another coffee from Colombia.
Along with Brazil, Vietnam and Indonesia, Colombia is one of the biggest coffee producing countries in the world. Coffee was introduced to Colombia in the early 1800s. The Colombian Coffee Federation has done a commendable job in promoting the specialty coffees of Colombia.
Colombian coffee beans are rich in flavour, heavy bodied, has a bright acidity, and is intensely aromatic. Colombia have wonderful climate which allows it to produce great coffee all year around. Due to volcanic mountains the climate in Colombia is stable.
Story of Colombian Coffee
In history, in the mid 16th century around the same time Jesuit priests first began arriving from Europe, coffee was first introduced to Colombia. The leaders of Colombia tried to encouraged people to grow coffee, but they met with resistance. Worried that a coffee tree takes five years to provide its first crop, they wondered how they were going to survive during this period.
A priest in a small village named Francisco Romero had an idea, instead of the usual penance at confession, he told them to plant 3 or 4 coffee trees. The Archbishop of Colombia ordered everyone to use this penance thinking it was an excellent idea and it became the general practice. This started Colombia as the world's second largest coffee producing country built on the penance of its forefathers.
Colombia began exporting coffee and in 1835 exported around 2500 bags to the U.S. By 1875 Colombia was now exporting 170,000 bags to U.S. and Europe. In 1992 exports of coffee topped at 17,000,000 bags, and are currently around 11,000,000 bags per year.
Vietnam has recently taken over from Colombia as the world's second largest coffee producing country but Colombia's coffee still remains some of the best and most well known throughout the world. This is largely due to the very successful marketing campaign created by the National Federation of Colombian Coffee Growers in 1959. They introduced the world to the fictitious character Juan Valdez. 85% of Americans still associate Juan Valdez with Colombian Coffee.
Colombian coffee is grown at high altitudes and tended to with care intercropped in the shade of banana and rubber trees. Colombian coffee is known to be among the best in the world, with a rich, full-bodied, and perfectly balanced taste. The rich volcanic soil in the arid mountains of Colombia produce ideal conditions for growing high quality coffee.
Colombian coffees are grown in two main regions; The region of Medellin, Armenia and Manizales (MAM), in central Colombian are more heavy bodied, rich in flavor with fine, balanced acidity. The area near Bogotá and Bucaramanga which is more mountainous in the east produce an even richer, heavier and less acidic coffee and are the finest of the two regions.
Colombia is one of the largest coffee producing nations in the world alongside Brazil, Vietnam and Indonesia. Coffee was introduced to Colombia in the early 1800s and has traditionally been recognized for it’s high altitude and higher-quality Arabica coffees while boasting incredibly efficient supply lines. Fredonia can be seen across the valley from Hacienda La Sierra.
Founded in 1830, Fredonia is one of the birthplaces of coffee in Colombia and its strong roots in coffee can still be seen today. The Colombian Coffee Federation has a regional cooperative there and small farmers bringing their harvest in with mules is still a common sight. In recent years, the Colombian farmers with assistance from the Colombian Coffee Federation (FNC - Federación Nacional de cafeteros) have done a remarkable job in growing and promoting the export of genuine specialty coffee, producing impeccable quality. Over the last few decades Colombia had a lot of issues with the Guerrilla movement FARC, which prohibited infrastructural and agricultural development in certain parts of Colombia. In the recent years, the Colombian government has negotiated a truce with FACR and many parts of Colombia have started to flourish.
This amazing coffee being grown in the Antioquia region of Colombia about 1,650 meters above sea level, mostly comprised of the Colombia and Castillo variety of Arabica coffee. This coffee has brown sugar, soft plum in aroma, green apple acidity and comes with tasting notes like bakers chocolate, soft herbs and black currants.